Of course, it doesn't work like that and the RIAA doesn't care if you do it again. Their business model is to accuse you of something, then give you two options: A.) Ruin yourself in court and pay thousands in legal fees defending yourself - you're likely to win - that's why they suggest B.) Pay them around $3,000 and get it over with.
It's a lose/lose situation. They give you the option to defend yourself at immense cost and risk, or give you the option to accept defeat and pay them.
Do you know it's more serious (legally) to share a movie then walk into a movie store and walk out with every video there? It's legally more serious to download a song then steal a store's worth of CDs. Brilliant.
The definition of extortion is "a criminal offense, which occurs when a person obtains money, behavior, or other goods or services from another by wrongfully threatening or inflicting harm to this person, reputation, or property."
Extortion is often used by organized crime groups - which is exactly what the RIAA is. They have created their own court system where they decide who is guilty. They just make it slightly easier to go to THEIR court then a court run by the government.
There are no checks and balances. If you are wrongfully accused of copyright infringement your options remain the same. Give in, or go to court. The RIAA is in control and has the power to decide if you live or die, drop out of school or not, etc.
It is obvious at this point that the RIAA is doing nothing for our society except ruining it. As long as I live I will never support them with a single penny unless they change their ways.